- 8th Decennial Census.
- U.S. Population: 31,443,321.
- Cost: $1,969,377.
There were multiple questionnaires used for the 1860 census, including a separate slave questionnaire (which collected the same information as in 1850). Listed by column, the free inhabitant questionnaire collected the following information:
- Number of dwelling home in order of visitation by the enumerator
- Number of family in order of visitation by the enumerator
Enumerators could mark "W" for Whites, "B" for Blacks, or "M" for Mulattos.
- Profession, Occupation, or Trade of each person, male and female, over 15 years of age
- Value of person's real estate
- Value of person's personal estate
- Place of birth
Enumerator could list the state, territory, or country of the person's birth
- Was the person was married within the last year?
- Did the person attend school within the last year?
- If the person was over 20 years of age, could he not read or write?
- Was the person deaf and dumb, blind, idiotic, pauper, or convict?