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BJS Federal Statistics & Info
There are two sources of data on federal corrections activity referenced in this section:
The Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) SENTRY database, which provides annual information on federal offenders admitted to and exiting from federal prison and offenders in prison at fiscal year end.
Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts (AOUSC) Federal Probation Supervision Information System (FPSIS), which provides information on federal defendants on probation, parole, and supervised release.
There are two sources of data on federal court activity referenced in this section:
The Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts (AOUSC), which provides information on federal defendants receiving pretrial detention hearings and statuses, adjudication, and sentencing.
The U.S. Sentencing Commission (USSC), which provides information on federal defendants sentenced under the U.S. Sentencing Guidelines.
There are two sources of data on federal arrests referenced in this section:
The U.S. Marshals Service (USMS), which provides information on federal suspects arrested and booked by the USMS and other federal law enforcement agencies.
The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), which provides information on federal and state drug suspects arrested by the DEA.
Persons suspected of violating federal law may be arrested by one of the many federal agencies empowered to make arrests or by state or local authorities. Regardless of which agency makes the arrest, federal suspects are typically transferred to the custody of the USMS for booking, processing, and detention.
Federal criminal cases may be brought by the U.S. Attorney's Office, the Criminal Division of the U.S. Department of Justice, or other authorized law enforcement agencies, such as the U.S. Marshals Service (USMS). The 93 U.S. attorneys serve as the chief federal law enforcement officers within their respective districts. Investigations are most commonly referred to a U.S. attorney by a federal investigative agency, including the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), Customs and Border Protection (CBP), Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF), and U.S. Secret Service. Investigations are also referred by a state or local investigative agency. Investigations may also be initiated—and cases brought directly—by U.S. attorneys or by the Criminal Division of the U.S. Department of Justice.