Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Using the Census Website: 1860

This guide will help you understand how to extract demographic and statistical information from the United States Census website

About the Bureau

1860 Census Information


  • 8th Decennial Census.
  • U.S. Population: 31,443,321.
  • Cost: $1,969,377.


There were multiple questionnaires used for the 1860 census, including a separate slave questionnaire (which collected the same information as in 1850). Listed by column, the free inhabitant questionnaire collected the following information:

  1. Number of dwelling home in order of visitation by the enumerator
  2. Number of family in order of visitation by the enumerator
  3. Name
  4. Age
  5. Sex
  6. Color

    Enumerators could mark "W" for Whites, "B" for Blacks, or "M" for Mulattos.
  7. Profession, Occupation, or Trade of each person, male and female, over 15 years of age
  8. Value of person's real estate
  9. Value of person's personal estate
  10. Place of birth

    Enumerator could list the state, territory, or country of the person's birth
  11. Was the person was married within the last year?
  12. Did the person attend school within the last year?
  13. If the person was over 20 years of age, could he not read or write?
  14. Was the person deaf and dumb, blind, idiotic, pauper, or convict?

Need Help?

Need help with using the Census Website?

Contact Chris Hulsman, Electronic Resources & Systems Librarian.  OR  Call: (716) 926 8914

Reference Desk:  OR Call: (716) 926 8913